NAMAs are a new instrument being developed under the international climate regime, and provide opportunities for developing countries to access international finance, technology and capacity building support for strategies, policies and programmes that promote sustainable development and greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions.

What is a NAMA?
Despite the lack of international definition of a NAMA, the general consensus indicates that it is a voluntary intervention by a developing country government that leads to a reduction of GHG emissions.

As it encompasses long term policies tailored to national/local contexts, a NAMA provides more opportunities for large-scale reductions and for supporting development priorities than existing project/activity-based instruments such as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). Unlike CDM projects, for which credits are a key revenue stream, carbon credits are not (yet) an option for NAMAs under international climate negotiations. The parallel discussions on “New Market Mechanisms” and “Various Approaches” are opening the possibility for developing countries to issue credits, but not in the context of NAMAs.

A distinction is made between unilateral NAMAs, which rely on domestic resources, and supported NAMAs, which require international support. Many developing countries are now preparing NAMAs; front-runners include Chile, Mexico, Kenya, and South Africa.

Why are NAMAs important?
NAMAs will likely be the prime vehicle for supporting mitigation through international climate finance, technology transfer, and capacity building. NAMAs can help governments to mobilize support for moving away from unsustainable carbon pathways, and move towards low-carbon development. NAMAs do not just focus on mitigation: co-benefits may include improved access to energy at stable low prices, efficiency gains in energy and industry, improved competitiveness, and benefits in terms of health, education and gender equality.

How to make NAMAs reality?
A first step towards developing a NAMA is to initiate a government driven process to select priority actions and prepare NAMA concepts or proposals. Such documents are the basis for attracting (international) support as they aim to design an enabling action framework. Support is expected to flow from bilateral sources initially, in time complemented with support through the multilateral Green Climate Fund (still being developed).

NAMAs offer an opportunity for developing countries to pursue mitigation efforts while progressing on national development priorities and attracting support for concrete activities.

The May 2017 edition of the NAMA Status Report show that NAMAs can be a key building block in unleashing private sector investments in NDC Implementation...

On 31st January Ecofys published a research paper on the landscape of multilateral climate finance for NAMAs. This paper seeks to enlighten government representatives and project developers...

How can Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) benefit from the Climate Finance experience of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)? - Summary of Roundtable Dinner...

NAMA Status Report Mid-year update 2017

Connecting multilateral climate finance to mitigation projects

NAMA Status Report 2016